How To Bend Sheet Metal?

Bend Sheet Metal

Have you ever wondered why industrial designers and engineers turn to sheet metal to create prototypes and products? Because it is strong, versatile, and easy to manipulate. You can learn how to bend sheet metal like a pro with several simple techniques.

In this blog post, we will share some tips and tricks for bending sheet metal parts so that you can create your DIY projects or repairs. Stay tuned!

What Tools To Be Prepared

One of the most commonly used tools to bend sheet metal is called a sheet metal brake. A sheet metal brake is a machine that enables a metalworker to fold and bend the sheet metal by using a clamp, a bending blade, and a set of adjustable stops.

Sheet metal brakes come in various sizes and shapes, from small hand-held units to large and complex machines with hydraulic systems. The most common type of sheet metal brake is a hand-operated press brake. It is ideal for bending small sheets of metal and is easy to use. A small press brake has a maximum capacity of 18 inches and a maximum thickness of around 16-gauge sheet metal.

bending machine

Larger press brakes have a more complex design and can handle larger sheets of metal with thicknesses up to 1/2 inch. These industrial sheet metal brakes are operated with motors, hydraulic systems, and advanced automation technologies.

These machines are more powerful and can bend more accurately, faster, and with greater precision. They also have a lower risk of errors and accidents compared to manual machines.

Methods of Bending Sheet Metal

Method1: V-Bending

V-bending is a process used to produce 90-degree bends in sheet metal.


Mark the location of the bend on the metal sheet.

A series of v-shaped dies are placed on either side of the marked line.

The dies are then brought together, forming a v-shaped groove in the metal.

The metal is inserted into the groove and bent to the desired angle.


V-bending can be used to create a variety of shapes, including boxes, brackets, and flanges. With proper die selection, producing multiple bends in a single piece of sheet metal is also possible.


Method2: Air Bending

Sheet metal air bending is a quick and easy way to create parts from sheet metal, and with proper setup and operation, it can produce high-quality results.


Set up the press brake. This involves selecting the appropriate size and type of press brake for the job and choosing the correct die.

Make the bends. This requires positioning the metal on the bed of the press brake and aligning it with the die. Once the metal is in position, the operator activates the press brake to force the metal against the die and form the desired shape.

Finish the bends. This includes removing any burrs or sharp edges from the bent metal and deburring or smoothing any rough edges.


Sheet metal air bending is a common method for fabricating parts from sheet metal. The process involves using a press brake to force the metal against a die, which forms the desired shape.

air bending

Method3: U-Bending

Sheet metal U-bending is a process used to shape metal into a U-shape.


Mark the desired shape onto the sheet metal.

The metal is cut along the marked lines. Once the metal has been cut, it is placed in a U-shaped die. The die helps to hold the metal in place while it is being shaped.

The metal is bent into the desired shape and then cooled.


This process is used to create everything from electrical panels to automobile parts.


Method4: Wipe Bending

Sheet metal rotary bending is a quick and efficient way to achieve precise bends in sheet metal.


Apply pressure to the metal sheet.

Wipe the sheet metal over the mold.


It can be used to create very tight bends, making it ideal for applications where accuracy is critical.

The process can be used on various materials, including aluminum, brass, and stainless steel.


Sheet metal wipe bending is a versatile and valuable process that can create a variety of high-precision bends in sheet metal.

wipe bending

Method5: Rotary Bending

Sheet metal rotary bending is a process by which a piece of sheet metal is inserted into a rotary bending machine and bent into the desired shape.


Insert the sheet metal into the machine.

Clamp the sheet metal in place so that it does not move during the bending process.

The bending tool is inserted into the machine, and the desired amount of bend is applied to the sheet metal.

The sheet metal is removed from the machine, and the desired shape has been achieved.


Sheet metal wipe bending is a slow process, making it less suitable for high-volume applications.

In addition, the process can be somewhat tricky to master, and it requires a certain amount of experience to get good results.


Rotary bending is often used in the fabrication of pipes, tubing, and other cylindrical objects. In addition, the process can be used to create brackets, supports, and other components for machines and equipment.

rotary bending

Method6: Step Bending

Sheet metal step bending is a process in which a sheet of metal is deformed to create a series of steps.


Create a template of the desired shape, which is used to mark and cut the sheet metal.

Cut the sheet metal

Placed sheet metal onto a set of dies.

Weld the joints together, creating a solid and durable 3-dimensional object.


Step bending is often used to create right angles in sheet metal and metal staircases or other structures.

It can also be used to create 3D objects such as statues or sculptures.

step bending

Related Article:

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Something To Watch Out For Bending Sheet Metal

Bending steel plates is something that requires a lot of care and attention. If done improperly, it can cause the steel to break or warp, which can be dangerous.

When bending steel plates, always use a press or jig to ensure that the plates are bent evenly.

Be sure to use heat-treated plate stock for projects requiring bends over 90 degrees.

Be aware of the different types of sheet metal. Some types of sheet metal are much stronger than others, and some are more likely to break or snap when bent.

For sheet metal design, we also provide some tips so that you can learn it.

Applications of Bent Sheet Metal

One common application of bent sheet metal is in the manufacturing of HVAC ductwork. In this industry, sheet metal is folded and bent into specific shapes to create ductwork that distributes air throughout a building. The ductwork needs to be precisely engineered to meet the required airflow volume, velocity, and pressure, which is achieved through the use of bent sheet metal.

Another application of bent sheet metal is in the production of sheet metal enclosures and cabinets. Sheet metal cabinets are commonly used in the electronics industry to house components such as servers, routers, and switches. Bent sheet metal is used to create the sides, top, and bottom of the cabinet, which are then welded or fastened together to form a protective enclosure.


Sheet metal is also commonly used in the construction of kitchen equipment such as ovens, stovetops, and refrigerators. Sheet metal is bent and folded to create the panels for these appliances, which are then coated or painted for aesthetic appeal.

Bent sheet metal is also widely used in the automotive industry. Sheet metal is used to construct car bodies, hoods, and doors. The sheet metal is bent and shaped into the precise curves and angles required for each individual vehicle model. Additionally, sheet metal is used in the creation of structures that provide support and protection, such as roll cages.


What Are The Common Sheet Metals?

The most common metals used in sheet metal fabrication are aluminum, brass, copper, steel, and tin.

How to Select Sheet Metal?

Each metal has characteristics that make it well-suited for specific applications. For instance, aluminum is lightweight and corrosion-resistant, making it ideal for use in outdoor settings.

Brass is strong and durable, making it a good choice for projects that require a high degree of precision.

Copper is a remarkable conductor of heat and electricity, making it a popular choice for electrical applications.

Steel is one of the most solid metals available, making it ideal for structural applications. Tin is a soft metal that is easy to work with, making it a good choice for projects that require intricate designs.

By understanding the properties of each type of metal, you can choose the material that is best suited for your project.


Bending sheet metal is a process that can be done with simple tools and a little know-how. With the proper technique, you can create beautifully curved shapes out of flat pieces of metal. And once you’ve mastered the basics, the sky’s the limit regarding what you can create. So why not give it a try? And who knows – maybe you’ll even discover a hidden talent for metalworking!